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Atlantic & Yadkin Railway

History &


Ore Hill / Mount Vernon Springs (milepost CF 109.2)


This is an unincorporated area in Chatham county. Ore Hill appears to be the the name of the station on the CF main line, but that station was associated with a pre-Depression era spa about a mile away named Mount Vernon Springs such that the spa's name was listed in the A&Y employee time table (ETT).  I have found  it's history from a Chatham county history page sponsored by the Chatham County Historical Association..

 The 1934 A&Y ETT #14 shows that passenger trains #30 and #31 stopped at "Mt. Vernon Springs." Train #30 stopped at 1:45pm on the way to Sanford. Train #31 stopped at 2:37pm on the way up to Mount Airy. In addition, train #62 an eastbound local freight stopped once daily at 2:16pm. The photo below shows the station sign was "Ore Hill." The name did not change in A&Y time tables through 1949 (although it was freight only with westbound local train #63 at 9:32am and eastbound local train #65 at 2:02pm that stopped daily except Sunday and Monday). After the Southern took over in 1950, nothing changed except the train numbers (now #81 and #83).

AY_station_icc_ore_hill_1918_01.jpg (82206 bytes) The ICC valuation reports indicate that there is a depot and I have a photo. Unfortunately, I do not have dimensions and/or drawings of this station. The time tables state this station is a water stop and the valuation map indicates a 24' water tank, which might be what I see to the left of the station in the background of this photo.


Track Diagram

An image from the ICC valuation maps gives a fair idea of how the track and depot were laid out. Click on the thumbnail to view a larger detailed image. There is a tool house, oil house, at least one section house, a chute (for livestock?), and the depot.

bw_v27-28_ore_hill.jpg (186946 bytes)



A Southern Railway Shippers Guide from 1916 does not have any record of an industry at Ore Hill using the A&Y for delivering and receiving products by rail, however, the ICC valuation map lists Ore Hill Mfg. Co.  A Google books search resulted in showing Volume 26 of the Bulletin of the North Carolina Department of Agriculture (1905) which documents that this company shipped "7,500 dozen double seat cane chairs."   According to the Chatham history web site above, 500 gallons of water daily was shipped from the Springs to customers by the railroad.


Goods Shipped

Company Name

spring water spring mineral water / soda pop Mt. Vernon Springs (?)


double seat cane chairs

Ore Hill Mfg. Co. 


Odds and Ends

I don't know much about Ore Hill or Mt. Vernon Springs..  If you know anything about this area or the businesses and industries that might have used the railroad for shipping or receiving products, please let me know.






This website is copyrighted 1998-2016 by David M. Bott.  Images appearing on this website may be protected by U.S. Copyright Law, donor restrictions, and other rights or policies. The Railroad Roman font used in the title was bought from Ben Coifman. Persons who contemplate copying and using font or images should obtain all necessary permissions pertaining to use. Authorization to use images credited to the North Carolina Collection, University of N.C. Library at Chapel Hill should be sought from the Collection at CB#3934, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27514-8890. Telephone 919-962-7992. Images credited to the North Carolina State Library Photo Archives are considered in the public domain.  Images credited to others or unknown are subject to copyright restrictions and permission for use should be obtained.

This page  last edited Monday, October 10, 2016