Up ] [ Locomotives ] Cabs ] Revenue ] MoW ] CF&YV ] MA&E ]


Atlantic & Yadkin Railway

History &
Modeling


    

A&Y 106
A&Y 109
A&Y 113
A&Y 254
A&Y 280
A&Y 297
A&Y 302
A&Y 310
A&Y 311
A&Y 317
A&Y 321
A&Y 338
A&Y 348
A&Y 444
A&Y 449
A&Y 458
A&Y 478
A&Y 522
A&Y 531
A&Y 542
A&Y 644
A&Y 803
A&Y 950

 

To the left are links to pages showing the various locomotives that were lettered for the Atlantic & Yadkin Railway.  Below is a roster table (linked numbers take you to a page with photograph(s) of that particular locomotive with commonly documented characteristics and disposition data.

Although owned by the Southern Railway, the A&Y was more independent than some.  I guess that is partly due to the legal troubles that splitting the CF&YV with the ACL in 1899 against a court order created and partly due to the debt problems which required a receiver for many of the years before the Southern absorbed the railroad.  At any rate, the Southern and the A&Y maintained a lease agreement for a certain number (about 16) steam locomotives for many years.  These locomotives were clearly stenciled for the A&Y although the numbers rarely were altered.  In addition to this leased fleet, the A&Y would rent locomotives on a daily basis from the Southern whenever traffic required it, such as during spring planting when fertilizer and seed required more power, and the Southern was willing to provide it.  I am currently studying some correspondence between the A&Y and the Southern lent to me by Mr. Marvin Black to learn more about this arrangement and the difficulties it may have produced for the A&Y management.

 It should be noted that the A&Y trackage used fairly light rail and nothing bigger than a Consolidation (2-8-0) was used on the line through the steam era.  Most freight was handled by Consolidations classed as G, H, J, and K (using Southern's scheme). The K class Consolidations might have been too heavy for much of the line and were likely only used in Greensboro and Pomona Yards and the "A&Y Belt Line" serving Proximity and White Oak Mills. Some evidence suggests that the K class went north as far as Walnut Cove.   Passenger and mixed locomotives were Ten Wheelers (4-6-0) or American (4-4-0) types. The A&Y owned three Ten Wheelers of Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac heritage.  I'm not sure if the 950 or the 953 or both were leased/rented from the Southern for use on the A&Y. I seem to have conflicting evidence on this issue.  All the American's likely originated as leased/rented engines from the Southern Railway, although close to 1900 many CF&YV locomotives may have been used.  I do not have documentation covering the 1900-1924 era for the A&Y because much of that time the Southern operated the A&Y in conjunction with all it's other regional trackage. It appears that only after the A&Y went into receivership in 1924 that the road lettered and operated its locomotives independently of the Southern.

No.

Type

Class

Year Built

Builder

Const. No.

Date Retired

A&Y Lettering

Lease or Rent?

Notes

106

4-6-0

F

1901

Richmond

3305

?

A&Y

lease

Acquired 2nd Hand from RF&P Dec 1929.

109

4-6-0

F

1903

Richmond

26864

?

A&Y

lease

Acquired 2nd Hand from RF&P Dec 1929. Serviced at Spencer in Sept 1934.

113

4-6-0

F

1903

Richmond

27655

?

A&Y

lease

Acquired 2nd Hand from RF&P Dec 1929.

182

2-8-0

G-2

1895

Richmond

2475

10/1930

A&Y

lease

According to Prince.

187

2-8-0

G-2

1895

Richmond

2501

3/1933

A&Y

lease

replaced by 348 in lease agreement on 8/1/1936.

252

2-8-0

H-1

1900

Richmond

3019

11/1930

Southern

rent

Loco rented to A&Y from Danville Division on 3/9/1936 per 6/14/1923 agreement @ $18/day. Engine had pilot added prior to rental.

254

2-8-0

H-2

1897

Richmond

2627

10/1937

A&Y

lease

along with 344, replaced in Oct 1937 by 444 and 531. Sent to Spencer, but not restencilled for Southern. Scrapped at Hayne shops in October, 1938.

273

2-8-0

H-2

1898

Baldwin

16164

11/1930

A&Y

lease

returned to Southern 11/17/1933 and recommended retired by Southern, stored on dead track at Spencer.

280

2-8-0

H-1

1899

Richmond

2911

8/1942

A&Y

lease

Taken out of service on 7/16/1931 for flue replacement. Listed 11/19/1937 as valued $12.6K rental $42.05/mo. On 5/9/1944, the A&Y requests to return the 280 for a wide firebox engine and ask for 529, but that is refused because 529 is in service. Next A&Y suggests returning 280 and 338 for engine 478. The Southern does not plan to use 280 so it is not repaired, though estimated repairs of $750 charged to A&Y per lease agreement. The 280 returned to Southern 10/26/1945.

287

2-8-0

H-3

1899

Pittsburgh

2012

12/1931

?

297

2-8-0

H-1

1900

Richmond

3027

9/1944

A&Y

lease

Listed as valued at $15K on 11/19/1937. Damaged in accident at Greensboro 4/13/1948; retired rather than repaired; and replaced in lease by #313. A&Y paid $3.6K to Southern to honor lease regarding condition of returned locomotives.

302

2-8-0

H-1

1900

Richmond

3032

3/1931

A&Y

lease

Listed as valued at $15K on 11/19/1937. Returned to Southern 3/16/1940 in exchange for 522 because 302 had uneconomical narrow firebox.

310

2-8-0

H-1

1900

Richmond

3040

2/1935

A&Y

lease

removed from lease 10/14/1937 because due at Spencer for heavy repairs due Jan 1938. Sent to Spencer Oct 1937, but not restencilled. Replaced by 472.

311

2-8-0

H-1

1900

Richmond

3041

2/1935

A&Y

lease

Listed as valued at $15.1K on 11/19/1937. Removed from lease and A&Y service on 5/31/1938. Last trip on A&Y was 1/22/1938; sent to Spencer from Pomona on 1/23/1938 and stored at Spencer.

313

2-8-0

H-1

1901

Richmond

3124

2/1945

A&Y

lease

replaced 297 in lease 7/9/1948 after Greensboro accident damaged 297. note of 12/18/1948: "Engine 313 had Class 5 repairs 8/23/1947 and due for flues 8/2/1949; jacket and lagging 6/23/1949. Flues are not good and it has bad frames. It is in as good condition today as when we [Southern] let the A&Y have it in place of 297.

315

2-8-0

H-1

1901

Richmond

3126

11/1942

A&Y

lease

removed from lease 10/14/1937 because due at Spencer for heavy repairs due Jan 1938. Sent to Spencer Oct 1937, but not restencilled. Replaced by 458.

317

2-8-0

H-1

1901

Richmond

3128

1/1948

A&Y

lease

entered lease in place of 313 on 1/17/1949

321

2-8-0

H-1

1901

Richmond

3132

11/1936

A&Y

lease

Listed as valued at $15.3K on 11/19/1937. While in repair at Spencer during March 1940, the A&Y expresses wish to return engine to Southern rather than repair it since the 12 engines under lease are considered sufficient. After negotiation over costs, the A&Y agrees to pay $3069.64 and the lease is terminated. Southern has no use for the 321 and I expect it was retired.

338

2-8-0

H-3

1900

Pittsburgh

2180

8/1943

A&Y

lease

Listed as valued at $15.4K on 11/19/1937. On 9/8/1945, the A&Y requests to return 280 and 338 for engine 478. The 338 returned to Southern 10/26/1945. The Southern does not plan to use 338 so it is stored at either Spencer or Greensboro.

344

2-8-0

H-3

1900

Pittsburgh

2186

2/1935

A&Y

lease

along with 254, replaced in Oct 1937 by 444 and 531. Restencilled Southern on 10/29/1937, but remained in Greensboro in case A&Y needs it on daily rental basis at some point.

348

2-8-0

H-3

1900

Pittsburgh

2190

6/1948

A&Y

lease

began 3/9/1936 as rental @ $18/day per 6/14/1923 agreement transferred from Danville div. Lease began 8/1/1936. Used on Ramseur branch account of short wheelbase for turntable and weak trestles. Listed 11/19/1937 as valued $15.5K rental $51.59/mo.

358

2-8-0

H-1

1901

Baldwin

19607

10/1930

?

444

2-8-0

J

1903

Pittsburgh

26191

5/1946

A&Y

rent

Delivered 2/11/1937 for rental during fertilizer season supposed to begin March 1. Was used Feb 11, 12, 16, 19, 20, 22, 23, 24, 26, 27 as emergency substitute due to blowout of bridge in cylinder of a different A&Y engine sent to Spencer for repairs. In March, rental would be per agreement, not per day. Engine returned to Southern 6/15/1937; back to A&Y 6/25 and in continuous service until 9/2. Used intermittently in Sept 13-14, 27-?. Added to lease to replace 254, 344 on 10/14/1937. Listed 11/19/1937 as valued $16K rental $53.66/mo.

449

2-8-0

J

1903

Pittsburgh

26201

5/1946

A&Y

lease

Started lease 1/1938 as replacement for 310. Delivered to A&Y 2/12/1938.

458

2-8-0

J

1902

Richmond

26210

5/1946

A&Y

lease

started lease 12/1937 as replacement for 315. Listed 11/19/1937 as valued $15.9K rental $53.13/mo. Delivered to A&Y 1/22/1938.

472

2-8-0

J-2

1902

Baldwin

21260

1/1935

Southern

lease

SUPPOSED to have started lease 12/1937 as replacement for 310. Listed 11/19/1937 as valued $15.6K rental $53.03/mo. BUT 1/17/1938 letter statest that 449 was used instead due to high cost of repairing 472 for use.

478

2-8-0

J-2

1902

Baldwin

21290

3/1946

A&Y

lease

478 replaced 280 and 338 in lease agreement. Delivered to A&Y on 10/26/1945.

481

2-8-0

J

1903

Baldwin

23250

2/1948

A&Y

lease

A&Y requested another 21" wide firebox loco to replace in lease 541 which was due for flues and new firebox. This one was replacement after 516 was considered.

482

2-8-0

J

1903

Baldwin

23266

11/1930

Southern

rent

A&Y paid partial rent (7%/year) for use as switcher at Pomona

483

2-8-0

J

1903

Baldwin

23280

5/1946

Southern

rent

Started lease 2/8/1940 as another wide firebox engine along with 541. Repairs to machinery, renewal of firebox, jacket and lagging cost $6K to prepare for use by A&Y. Done at Spencer.

516

2-8-0

J

1903

Baldwin

21959

7/1947

HPRA&S

na

A&Y requested another 21" wide firebox loco to replace in lease 541 which was due for flues and new firebox. This one however was given to HPRA&S

522

2-8-0

J

1903

Baldwin

22016

7/1947

A&Y

lease

522 desired to replace 302 because the wide firebox engines found to be more economical. $1.8K paid to refurbish 522 at Spencer. Delivered to A&Y on 3/16/1940.

523

2-8-0

J

1903

Baldwin

22043

6/1931

Southern

rent

A&Y paid partial rent (7%/year) for use as switcher at Pomona

531

2-8-0

J

1903

Baldwin

22177

6/1942

rent

Delivered 3/30/1937 for rental during fertilizer season supposed to begin March 1. A hydrostatic test on 531 at Spencer delayed delivery of engine. Returned to Southern Aug 11, then back to A&Y Aug 31, 1937 to 9/3. Intermittent use: 96-7, 9/9-?. Added to lease to replace 254, 344 on 10/14/1937. Listed 11/19/1937 as valued $17.6K rental $58.78/mo. 531 repaired at $3.5K in 1937 and $6K in 1938. While at Spencer, the required boiler repairs June 1946 at $8K split 60/40 SR/A&Y put off and A&Y asks for substitute: 542 a 21" wide firebox engine. 531 removed from lease agreement.

541

2-8-0

J

1903

Baldwin

22531

8/1944

A&Y

lease

Was leased to A&Y beginning 1/15/1940 as a "wide firebox engine". A 6000 gal tender was substituted for the 5000 gal one it had prior to leasing. It cost $4.2K to repair for leasing. Maintenance requirements too much in 1948, so A&Y requested a new 21" firebox replacement loco 516. However, 516 was spoken for by HPRA&S and 481 eventually was substituted in lease. Upon retirement 541 was exhibited at Winston-Salem, NC.

542

2-8-0

J

1903

Baldwin

22570

6/1949

A&Y

rent

Engine apparently rented to A&Y for several days April 3-6, 8 and again Aug 23-24, 1937. In June 1946, A&Y requests 542 in replacement of 531 in lease agreement. Although 542 needed $6K boiler work, A&Y begs to use for few weeks before work is done. Southern agrees and 542 is delivered to A&Y 6/14/1946 and is transferred to lease in place of 531. After A&Y is merged back into the Southern, the 542 is retired and donated to Winston-Salem where it resided in Tanglewood park until traded to the North Carolina Transportation Museum where it was cosmetically restored with A&Y lettering in 2011. It remains on display in the NCTM roundhouse in Spencer, NC.

548

2-8-0

J

1903

Baldwin

22914

9/1943

Southern

rent

used 9/4/1937 for one day.

578

2-8-0

Ks

1906

Richmond

39295

2/1946

Southern

rent

rented to handle Jordan Spreader for about 30 days at $20.00/day. The 578 can handle the Spreader where the 803 could not, so the exchange was made. When 578 returned, 803 goes back to A&Y.

644

2-8-0

K

1904

Pittsburgh

28934

2/1948

A&Y

lease

A&Y pays lease but Danville Div crews operate it. Listed 11/19/1937 as valued $20.5K rental $68.47/mo. Letters reference the 644 as being "transferred to the Atlantic & Yadkin Railway Company assignment." This was effective 8/20/1943. 644 "works one trick." Also mentioned in 1948 letter about switchers; considered a yard engine.

655

2-8-0

Ks

1904

Pittsburgh

28945

4/1946

Southern

na

22" wide firebox with superheat; requested, but then held in abeyance due to cost

659

2-8-0

Ks

1904

Pittsburgh

28949

10/1948

Southern

na

22" wide firebox with superheat; requested, but then held in abeyance due to cost

803

2-8-0

Ks

1910

Baldwin

35589

12/1947

Southern

rent/lease

Was first rented then leased from 9/3/1946 until 10/1/1948. Rent was $20/day plus transportation from Charlotte. 803 was to be used between Greensboro and Walnut Cove and was not considered too heavy for that part of the line.

845

2-8-0

Ks

1906

Baldwin

29142

2/1948

A&Y

lease

Letters reference the 845 as being "transferred to the Atlantic & Yadkin Railway Company assignment." The transfer to A&Y was effective 8/20/1943. 9/23/1943 letter mentions 845 works the North end of Pomona Yard, but not every day since it's a 24 hour per day job. Other engines working this job were SR 1866, 772, 637. Also mentioned in 1948 letter about switchers.

953

4-6-0

F-1

1894

Richmond

2428

1/1930

A&Y

?

Notation on photograph print says #950, but likely 953. The 953 was removed from lease 2/1/1934 and returned to Southern.

1684

0-6-0

A-7

1904

Pittsburgh

30246

11/1942

Southern

rent

A&Y paid partial rent (7%/year) for use as switcher at Pomona. Danville Div crews operate it. Listed 11/19/1937 as valued $13.2K rental $44.11/mo.

1870

0-8-0

As-11

1924

Richmond

65699

7/1949

Southern

?

1800 series switcher at Pomona

 


Site Sponsored by Railfan.Net

This website is copyrighted 1998-2008 by David M. Bott.  Images appearing on this website may be protected by U.S. Copyright Law, donor restrictions, and other rights or policies. The Railroad Roman font used in the title was bought from Ben Coifman. Persons who contemplate copying and using font or images should obtain all necessary permissions pertaining to use. Authorization to use images credited to the North Carolina Collection, University of N.C. Library at Chapel Hill should be sought from the Collection at CB#3934, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27514-8890. Telephone 919-962-7992. Images credited to the North Carolina State Library Photo Archives are considered in the public domain.  Images credited to others or unknown are subject to copyright restrictions and permission for use should be obtained.

This page  last edited Wednesday, October 26, 2016