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Atlantic & Yadkin Railway

History &
Modeling


    

Ramseur (milepost CR 18.7)

History

Ramseur Coat of ArmsThis town (altitude 442) in east Randolph County was originally know as Allen's Fall. After 1878 when Deep River Mills was formed the town was renamed Columbia.  In 1895 the town was incorporated and renamed Ramseur through the efforts of William H. Watkins, a local textile mill owner, in honor of Stephen D. Ramseur, a Confederate General and associate of Watkins during the war. Like other towns on the branch, Ramseur is  located on the Deep River.  The river provided hydro-power and was the main reason the textile mills and furniture factories that provided much of the A&Y's tonnage were established there.

In the days of the A&Y, the town served as the terminal and namesake of the Ramseur branch. In 1943, the sidings in Ramseur had a capacity of 34 cars. In 1916, the ICC Valuation project listed the following structures belonging to the A&Y in Ramseur:

  • Combination (freight/passenger) station
  • 2 oil houses
  • Passenger platform
  • Coal bin
  • Section house
  • Engine oil house


Ramseur Station ca 1918 (25536 bytes)Based on engineering drawings dated 1916 in the ICC valuation papers, the combination station was built about 1886 and was 50'x30' with an 6-8' wide wooden platform running around it. The passenger platform built around 1908 was 20' wide and extended 48' from one end of the station at that time. The platforms were boarded up on the sides using 1" boards in a vertical alignment. The station had a gable roof (13' 3" and 20' 6" in height) with metal shingle covering. The station was lighted with electric lights with tin reflectors.  The photograph of the station is dated 1918. Click on the thumbnail to see a full size image in a separate window.

One of the oil houses was constructed using an old boxcar body (9'x35') supported by 14 track ties. The oil house was estimated by the engineer to have been built in 1910.   The Section store house, built approximately 1891 also was an old boxcar body (9'x35') supported with "100' B.M. blocking" according to the engineering report of 1916. The roofs for both structures were re-covered with "ready roofing" material.

Track Diagram

Click on the image below to see a rendition of the ICC Valuation Map Section 27b #5 I developed from a digital image of the original blueprints in the National Archives. Note the 55' diameter turntable used at this end of the Ramseur branch.   Also note the Columbia Mfg. Co., warehouses and two furniture factories. I am guessing that one or both of them were the Ramseur Furniture Co. listed in the Shippers Guide (see below).
Ramseur Map ca 1916 (26429 bytes)

Industries

A Southern Railway Shippers Guide from 1916 indicates the following industries were located in Ramseur and using the A&Y for delivering and receiving products by rail (although some may have used the station or team track rather than having a dedicated siding):

Industry

Goods Shipped

Company Name

cotton mill

Yarns, No. 8, Skeins, Cones and Tubes

Enterprise Manunfacturing Co.

cotton mill

36" 4 yard 4x4 Sheetings

Columbia Manufacturing Co.

flour and grist mill

flour and feed

Ramseur Milling Co.

flour and grist mill

flour and feed

Enterprise Milling Co.

flour and grist mill

flour and feed

Richland Roller Mills

furniture factory

case goods, chiffoniers, bureaus, and wash stands

Ramseur Furniture Co.

planing mill

miscellaneous

Fleta Lumber Co.

planing mill

miscellaneous

Coleridge Mfg. Co.

sawmill

oak lumber

Hurly C. Parks

sawmill

oak lumber

W. T. Foushee & Co.

sawmill

oak lumber

Staley Lumber Co.

sawmill

oak lumber

John Bray & Son

sawmill

oak lumber

J. C. Craven

sawmill

oak lumber

T. A. Cox

woodworking factory

cotton mill supplies

Novelty Wood Works

 

Odds and Ends

 Ramseur Broom Works label (51987 bytes)Occasionally, my searches yield some information about a business or prominent landmark that existed in the towns served by the A&Y.  Not all of the businesses used rail to ship or receive goods in car lots, but these businesses could have been LCL shippers and were definitely a part of the life of the residents.  So I'll include them when interesting.  For Ramseur, I found this old label for the Ramseur Broom Works, Inc.

 

 

 

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This page  last edited Friday, January 04, 2008